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This climate climate zone covers from about 44°N to 50°N latitude mostly east of the 100th meridian in North America. However, it can be found as far north as 54°N, and further west in the Canadian Prairie Provinces and below 40°N in the high Appalachians. In Europe this subtype reaches its most northerly latitude at nearly 61° N. Areas featuring this subtype of the continental climate have an average temperature in the warmest month below 22°C (22°F). Summer high temperatures in this zone typically average between 21-28°C (70-82°F) during the daytime and the average temperatures in the coldest month are generally far below the -3 °C (27°F) mark.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfb". (Warm Summer Continental Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Viljandi is 41.9°F (5.5°C). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 62.4°F (16.9°C). The coolest month on average is February, with an average temperature of 22.8°F (-5.1°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Viljandi is 94.1°F (34.5°C), which was recorded in August. The lowest recorded temperature in Viljandi is -30.5°F (-34.7°C), which was recorded in December.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Viljandi is 28.9" (734.1 mm). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 3.3" (83.8 mm) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is April with an average of 1.4" (35.6 mm). There are an average of 130.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in December with 14.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in April with 8.0 days.
In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 124.0 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in June with 14.0 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in February with 6.0 days of rain.